Emergency or disaster as defined by the center for Research on the Epidemiology is a "situation or event, which overwhelms local capacity, necessitating a request to national or international level for external assistance".1 Of all the three types of Emergency sit
Objective: To assess physical and psycho-social problems faced by health professionals, and to analyse the ethical, legal and triage dimensions of disaster medical services.
Methods: The descriptive study was conducted from November 2011 to March 2012 and comprised health pro
Objective: To evaluate the effects of osteoformin on mineralisation and quality of the new bone formation during rapid distraction osteogenesis.
Methods: This multi-centre study was conducted at the Karadeniz Technical University, Middle East Technical University and Selcuk U
Objective: To assess the effects of hepatitis C virus infection in the first 5 years on fasting glucose, fasting insulin and peripheral insulin resistance.
Methods: The case-control study was conducted at the Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, from December 2011 to November 20
Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of intra-operative frozen section in the diagnosis of various pelvic neoplasms, including ovarian tumours.
Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at Shifa International Hospital and comprised records of all patients with lesions of
Objective: To evaluate the effect of oversized drilling on implant success and secondary stability.
Methods: The experimental study was conducted in Turkey from January to July 2013, after approval by the ethics committee of the University of Ankara, and comprised 2 female sh
Objective: To explore the effect of red blood cell distribution width levels on the diagnosis and management of upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage.
Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Turkey, and comprised record of
Objective: To evaluate the clinical and pathological profile of young patients with squamous cell carcinoma of tongue.
Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised record of patients <35 years presenting with squamo
Objective: To evaluate the frequency, predisposing factors and symptomatology of headache among medical students.
Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted from September to December 2013 and comprised students of two medical colleges of Karachi. International Classif
Objective: To understand medical students\' perceptions and attitudes towards research to help facilitators design specific courses according to their needs.
Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad, Pakistan, from May to Nove
Objective: To attempt to trace the molecular epidemiology of blood-borne diseases in the hospital community of Pakistan.
Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at three major hospitals of Rawalpindi and Islamabad from January to May, 2014.The prevalence of three blo
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of intervention by education of doctors in improving the referral rate and quality in a public-sector healthcare setting.
Methods: The quasi-experimental study was conducted from March to September 2012 at PNS Rahat Hospital in naval
Objectives: To determine the association of essential hypertension with pregnancy-induced hypertension in women.
Methods: The case-control study was conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from January 2012 to March 2013, and comprised on hypertensive female patie
Objective: To assess the awareness of medical apps and academic use of smartphones among medical students.
Methods: The questionnaire-based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in January 2015 and comprised medical students of the Rawal Institute of Health Sciences
Objective: To determine the outcome in patients with early squamous cell carcinoma of oral tongue, and the impact of various prognostic factors on survival.
Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Lahore,
Objective: To evaluate the inter- and intra-observer variability among radiologists in the characterisation of mammograms according to Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System assessment and breast density categories.
Methods: The descriptive cross-sectional study was conduct
Objective: To identify the best assessment method for medical students with different learning approaches.
Methods: The cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted at Bahria University Medical and Dental College, Karachi, from March 2010 to April 2011, and compris
Objective: To find out the frequency of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy and its identification parameters.
Methods: The cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the Department of Medicine and the Department of Obstetrics, Combined Military Hospital, Kharian,
Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare variety of congenital malformation of lung characterized by over distension of a lobe of the lung due to partial obstruction of the bronchus. It is one of the rare causes of infantile respiratory distress requiring surgical resection of affected lobe. We are r
Fluorosis is thought to be rare in Pakistan but endemic in various parts of the world, especially in India and China. In Pakistan only a few cases have been reported from Thar, Sibbi and Manga Mandi, with probability of fluorosis on MRI findings, supported by high drinking waterfluoride content.
Fibromatosis is a rare benign mesenchymal neoplasm which primarily originates in the muscle, connective tissue, fascial sheaths, and musculoaponeurotic structures. It is commonly seen as abdominal tumour but in maxillofacial region, the occurrence of these tumours is very rare and exceedingly rar
Idiopathic Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare clinical condition recently identified as an autoimmune process related to Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) deposition. Herein we report a case of a 46 year old male presenting with 4 months history of backache, fever, flank pain and leg swelling for 2 weeks.
Metformin-associated lactic acidosis (MALA) is one of the most important drug toxicities with a high morbidity and mortality rate. We report herein a case of suicide attempt with metformin presenting as MALA and acute renal failure on admission to emergency department and acute myocardial injury
Cystic abdominal tumours are encountered quite often and are diagnosed more frequently due to the availability of better imaging possibilities. Presentation of huge cysts has become rare as most of them are diagnosed and treated early. But we still have patients with enlarged abdominal cysts; maj
Self-medication practice among nursing students is of growing concern. Access to drugs and handling them in their future practices make nursing students susceptible to self-prescription and self-medication. This cross-sectional study assesses the prevalence and pattern of self-medication with ant
Madam, Calciphylaxis which is also known as calcific uraemic arteriopathy (CUA) is a poorly understood syndrome of vascular calcification and skin necrosis. Skin lesions develop suddenly and progress rapidly. Most commonly the lesions appear on the lower extremities. The lesions are typically ery
Objective: To evaluate the role of subdartos fascial tissue as watertight layer in improving outcome for 2-stage proximal hypospadias surgery.
Methods: The experimental study was conducted at the Department of Urology, Indus Hospital, Karachi, and comprised an audit of patien
This article is the second in the series of Addressing Insulin Misperceptions (AIM). It structures perceived objections to insulin according to those prevalent at initiation and intensification, and suggests specific interventions for the commonly encountered misperceptions. The article reflects
This brief article describes a numerical index designed to assess the relative contribution of fasting and postprandial glucose to hyperglycaemia. This helps plan appropriate insulin and oral glucose-lowering therapy in an objective manner. It also reviews three similar indices described earlier
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