The global burden of cancer is burgeoning at steady rate on account of genetic insults (5-10%), as well as an increasing prevalence of unhealthy and preventable lifestyle risk factors (90-95%) such as smoking, alcohol, stress and sedentary habits.1 More recent mortality dat
Objective: To assess the knowledge and practices of working and non-working mothers regarding breastfeeding and weaning.
Methods: This cross-sectional study involving working and non-working mothers was conducted from May 2015 to May 2016 at different hospitals of Karachi. Da
Objective: To compare fistulotomy with fistulectomy for wound healing, duration of surgery, post-operative pain, incontinence and recurrence in patients with fistula in ano.
Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, a
Objective: To determine the attitude and knowledge of type-2 diabetics related to insulin therapy.
Methods: The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from January to March 2014 at the Dr. Burhan Nalbantoglu Public Hospital, Nicosia in the Turkish Republic of Norther
Objective: To compare prevalence and carriage of Candida species among gutka-chewers and betel-quid-chewers.
Methods: The cross-sectional case-control study was conducted between January and December, 2015 at the Oral Surgery department of Abbasi Shaheed Hospital and the Dent
Objective: To determine the prevalence of obesity and associated risk factors among medical students in Saudi Arabia.
Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2012 to March 2013 at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Using stratified sampling tec
Objective: To determine the prospective risk of stillbirth, perinatal death and neonatal morbidities in twins.
Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised cases of twin pregnancies from January 2001 to Dec
Objective: To find out the frequency of osteopenia and associated risk factors among young female students.
Methods: This observational, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, from August 2011 to January 2012, and comprised youn
Objective: To analyse transfusion transmissible infections in asymptomatic population.
Methods: This study was conducted at the Allama Iqbal Medical College and Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from December 2014 to November 2015, and comprised healthy asymptomatic blood do
Objective: To see the pattern of antimicrobial drug resistance among Salmonella serovars.
Methods: This longitudinal, observational study was conducted at Khan Research Laboratories Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan, from May 2012 to December 2014. All patients presenting with ty
Objective: To estimate the proportion of community-acquired pneumonia patients with disagreement between Confusion, Uraemia, Respiratory rate, Blood pressure, age > 65 years recommendation and physician\'s decision to hospitalise or not.
Methods: This cross-sectional nat
Objective: To develop and psychometrically assess spiritual health scale based on Islamic view in Iran.
Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at Imam Ali and Quem hospitals in Mashhad and Imam Ali and Imam Reza hospitals in Bojnurd, Iran, from 2015 to 2016 In the f
Objective: To know the outcomes of cystoid macular oedema after phacoemulsification in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus using optical coherence tomography.
Methods: This non-concurrent, clinical, prospective study was carried out at Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital,
Objective: To determine the frequency of worsening liver function among hospital in-patients with severe dengue hepatitis receiving paracetamol.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised
Objectives: To determine the frequency of granulomatous inflammation on histopathological findings amongst cancer patients and correlating them with tuberculosis.
Methods: The retrospective review was conducted at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, L
Objective: To investigate managerial barriers and challenges facing East Azerbaijan Province health system.
Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in Tabriz, Iran, from August 2014 to August 2015, and comprised professionals, experts and informants working at the East
Objective: Dengue viruses have rapidly spread in Southeast Asia, particularly in Pakistan, during the last few years, so the present study was undertaken to formulate a model for predicting dengue outbreak.
Methodology: A panel data using STRATA statistical software was emplo
Objectives: To establish predictive factors for positive pregnancy outcome in cases of controlled ovarian stimulation and intrauterine insemination.
Methods: The retrospective study was conducted at Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital and comprised subjects
Objective: To determine the association of interleukin-6 C-174G single nucleotide polymorphism with type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic parameters.
Methods: This case-control study was conducted from June 2012 to December 2013 at the Military Hospital Rawalpindi, the Centr
Objective: To assess the quality of life of spinal cord injury patients.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Paraplegic Centre Hayatabad, Peshawar, Pakistan, from November 2015 to January 2016, and comprised spinal cord injury patients. A 26-item World Health
Objective: To assess the frequency of simple nephrectomies for benign diseases and compare it with the frequency of nephrectomies for malignant diseases\\.
Methods: The observational study was conducted at the Armed Forces Institute of Urology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from Oc
Objective: To determine the right ventricular involvement in patients with inferior myocardial infarction by echocardiography in relation to electrocardiographic findings.
Methods: This observational, prospective study was conducted at Rashid Hospital, Dubai, the United Arab
Objective: To analyse micro ribonucleic acid-16 in sera of invasive intraductal breast carcinoma in stage III and compare its expression in their daughters and healthy women.
Methods: The study took place from January 2013 till December 2015. This case-control study was condu
It is important to appreciate how case reports have paved the way for modern research. They are still largely considered the first line of evidence. Indeed global endemics such as HIV and Zika Virus have been traced back to initial case reports. Strictly speaking; case reports are anecdotes &mdas
The rapid change worldwide, as a consequence of advances in science and technology, necessitates the graduation of well-qualified graduates who have the appropriate knowledge and skills to fulfill specific work requirements. Hence, redesigning academic models by focusing on educational outcomes b
Free drug samples are distributed among doctors as a promotional tool.
We investigated the effects of dispensing samples on prescriptions by the doctors and their opinion about samples through a cross-sectional survey.
A questionnaire was distributed among the doctors in the Departm
Nasopharynx (NP) is anatomically difficult to explore adequately. The pharyngeal bursa (PB) is a recess lined with respiratory epithelium along the posterior wall of the nasopharynx between the longus capitis muscles. If the opening through which the bursa drains into the nasopharynx becomes obst
X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is a primary immunodeficiency with more than 600 mutations in Bruton tyrosine kinase (Bkt) gene which are responsible for early-onset agammaglobulinemia and repeated infections. Herein we present a case of a 3-year-old boy with history of repeated diarrhoea and a
Gout is a chronic rheumatic disease resulting from accumulation of monosodium urate crystals in tissues. The most important risk factor for the disease is hyperuricaemia. Precipitation of uric acid in the joint in the form of monosodium urate crystals is the main factor responsible for triggering
A solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a rare mesenchymal tumour that frequently originates in the mesothelium-covered surfaces, such as the pleura and peritoneum. It may develop in various body parts, including the head and neck. These tumours may arise in several different patterns, which results i
Madam, Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, is still a social stigma yet a curable disease in most instances. It can affect multiple organs of the body other than lungs.1 TB remains the leading cause of death, alongside HIV, among infectious diseases wit
Madam, Crimean Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is a disease that has afflicted the populace of many a developing nation.1 CCHF is a zoonotic, tick borne and viral infection caused by Nairovirus of the Bunyaviridae family; the most genetically diverse form of Arbovirus which
Anatomical pathology is one branch of medical science where the signed out report becomes a legal document whether you like it or not. The signing out pathologist has nightmares on any difficult or challenging case even months after it has been signed out.
There a few institutions in the c
Madam, site specific multi-disciplinary tumour (MDT) board meetings provide a platform to various specialists involved in patient care to exchange ideas and discuss various aspects of management of oncology patients. Several studies have demonstrated that MDT meetings improve clinical outcomes of
Madam, poor living conditions, such as chronic food and water deprivation and uncontrolled temperature, humidity and light/dark cycle significantly alters the results of animal based studies because they result in increased stress response, altered circadian rhythm and modulation of endocrine sys
Madam, the curriculum for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS), Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT), Doctor of Pharmacy (D.Pharm) and Bachelor of Nursing (BSN), has "Islamic Studies" as a compulsory subject in all the health sciences institutions of Pakistan.1-4&l
A cross-sectional study was carried out to study students\' perceptions on the usefulness of Anatomy demonstrations (AD) in the undergraduate medical education by comparing the Conventional Medical College (CMC) and problem-based learning as hybrid curriculum (HMC). Purposive sampling technique
Diabetes mellitus is one of the commonest medical conditions affecting humans. However, knowledge of diabetes mellitus in the context of blood transfusion is lacking. In this article, the eligibility of people with diabetes as donors, issues faced during blood component transfusion to diabetics a
This brief article covers the diabetes related aspects of contraception in women. It classifies various methods of contraception and describes how presence of diabetes influences their use. The article lists the high risk conditions in diabetes which may discourage use of combined hormonal contra
This journal is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics.