Lack of formal reproductive health education in educational institutions in Pakistan and social taboos, leaves the majority of newly married couples unprepared to deal with sexual, social and health issues after marriage.
Early age marriage is prevalent in our society where 35% get married
Objective: To determine the yield of 48-hour Holter monitoring in children with unexplained palpitations and the significance of associated symptoms.
Methods: This descriptive study was conducted at the Children\'s Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore, Pakistan, f
Objective: To determine the association of interferon alpha receptor-1 with success rate of interferon therapy in patients co-infected with hepatitis C virus and hepatitis B virus.
Methods: The study was conducted at the Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from Decemb
Objective: To determine the prevalence and antifungal susceptibility pattern of Candida species.
Methods: This prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Quaid-e-Azam International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan, from January 2014 to February 2015, and comprised d
Objective: To observe the effect of social interdependence on emotional well-being in medical students.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Karachi from June 2013 to January 2014 and comprised first-year medical students of 5 private and 3 public-sector colle
Objective: To measure levels of platelet-derived microparticles and soluble P-selectin in patients of acute myocardial infarction and their comparison with healthy controls.
Methods: This case-control study was conducted in Department of Haematology, University of Health Scie
Objective: Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an immune haematologic disorder causing platelet destruction mediated by anti-platelet antibodies. In this study we aimed to evaluate the clinical and laboratory variables of ITP patients in southeast of Turkey.
Methods: In this ret
Objective: To determine the frequency of neck pain and its association with risk factors among software engineers.
Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, from February to March 2016, and comprised soft
Objective: To explore the demographics of individuals teaching basic science courses in private nursing schools.
Methods: The study was conducted in Karachi, and comprised teachers teaching basic science courses in 16 registered private nursing schools. A demographic question
Objective: To observe the incidence and pattern of thrombocytopenia in cardiac surgery patients.
Methods: This prospective, cohort study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from November 2014 to April 2015, and comprised adult cardiac patients. Patient
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and correlates of tobacco use among school-going adolescents.
Methods: This cross-sectional study consisted of a secondary analysis of existing cross-sectional survey data from the Global School-based Health Survey from Cambodia and Vi
Objective: To examine molecular genetics and prenatal diagnosis of beta-thalassaemia.
Methods: The study was conducted at the COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Sahiwal, Pakistan, from October 2012 to October 2013, and comprised families having children affected by
Objective: To study the post-treatment visual outcome of fungal keratitis.
Methods: This prospective study was carried out at Chandka Medical College and Hospital, Larkana, Pakistan, from March 2005 to March 2016. Patients with clinical features of fungal keratitis, with posi
Objective: To analyse buccal epithelial cells for scoring the frequency of cytogenetic toxicity in petrol pump workers.
Methods: The case-control study was conducted at the Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan, from September 2014 to February 2015, and compri
Objective: To determine the outcome of application of amniotic graft in ocular surface disorders.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, from January 2010 to December 2012, and comprised patients with ocular surface di
Objective: To determine the frequency of different motivating factors to quit opioid use.
Methods: The descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from August 2012 to F
Objective: To determine the frequency of acute bacterial meningitis in children with first episode of febrile seizures.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Polyclinic, Postgraduate Medical Institute, Islamabad, Pakistan, from December 2012 to August 2013,
Objective: To evaluate affecting factors and the relationship between patients\' attitudes towards the nursing profession and perceptions of nursing care.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Hafsa Sultan Hospital of Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey, f
Objective: To determine the clinical features and patterns of interstitial lung disease.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised record of patients diagnosed with interstitial lung disease from January 2005 t
Cervix carcinoma is the second commonest condition in women under 50 years of age and third after breast and oral cavity cancers across all age groups. Though a preventable disease, the mortality rate is very high because it is an ignored ailment in Pakistan in terms of screening, prevention and
Feedback is considered as a dynamic process in which information about the observed performance is used to promote the desirable behaviour and correct the negative ones. The importance of feedback is widely acknowledged, but still there seems to be inconsistency in the amount, type and timing of
Gastrointestinal (GIT) malignancies are a substantial health concern. Most patients present to the clinics with advanced and un-resectable diseases, so it remains difficult to cure with the existing chemotherapeutic regimes. It is therefore extremely important to devise novel therapeutic targets
Stroke is one of most disabling condition which directly affects quality of life. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of activity repetition training with salat (prayer) versus task oriented training on functional outcomes of stroke. The study design was randomized control trial
The purpose of this study was to measure the clinical outcomes for patients with stroke after gait training with body weight support (BWS) and with no body weight support (no-BWS).Experimental group was trained to walk by a BWS system with overhead harness (BWS group), and Control group was train
We report the case of a fisherman who was exposed to high concentrations of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) gas from the fish garbage room. The patient survived and was discharged with full recovery from the hospital. H2S is a colourless, foul smelling and highly toxic gas next to carbon monoxide, which c
Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) is defined as the prolapse of the pelvic organs toward or through the vaginal opening as a result of the weakening of the combination of nerves, muscles and fascia, which normally protect and support the physical position of pelvic organs. In this case report, the 30-y
Graves ophthalmopathy (GO) usually occurs in a close temporal relationship with hyperthyroidism. It is rare in patients with normal thyroid function (euthyroid GO) and in patients with hypothyroid forms of thyroid autoimmune diseases (hypothyroid GO). We report a 52-years old man presenting in ou
We are presenting a traumatic dislocation of a Phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) secondary to a blunt trauma to the right eye. The patient presented with a sudden blurring of vision with no other associated injury. His slit lamp examination showed disenclavation of the temporal clip and pre-operativ
Madam, white skin in Asia has traditionally been associated with higher social status and wealth. The boom in the beauty market has been extraordinary. In India, the skin lightening cosmetic market alone is worth 1000 crore.1
Many skin lightening agents are available
Madam, in last decade probiotics were introduced as a useful supplement on human health. As a result lactobacilli acidofilus and bifidobacterium have been more often used in dairy products.1 It is said that Lactobacillus can reduce the transferring of triglycerides in lymph
This descriptive study was carried out at Pathology Department, Shifa International Hospital from 2007 to 2016; all sex cord stromal tumours diagnosed during this time period were included. Epithelial, germ cell and metastatic tumours were excluded from the study. A total of 1254 Ovarian tumours
We report a prospective case series on the anatomical, and functional outcomes, and complications of focal treatment of retinoblastoma to residual tumors in patients who had already received chemotherapy.
We examined the patients of retinoblastoma under general anaesthesia with Ret Cam II.
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of existing breast cancer awareness strategies in terms of early breast cancer detection.
Methods: This descriptive, retrospective study was conducted at the Breast Surgery department of the Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, and compri
Vitamin D deficiency is endemic to South Asia, and is associated with varied biochemical and clinical presentations. Health care professionals of all specialties need to ensure optimal Vitamin D level of all persons, irrespective of age or gender, to prevent the many complications that are associ
This communication focuses on an important, yet neglected, aspect of medicine, which has an impact on diabetes care as well. Betel quid (paan) chewing is a commonly encountered, socioculturally accepted, "culture-bound" addictive disorder. Betel quid chewing has unwanted psychotropic, c
Multiple intraoperative aids have been introduced to improve the extent of resection (EOR) in Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) patients, avoiding any new neurological deficits. Intraoperative MRI (iMRI) has been debated for its utility and cost for nearly two decades in neurosurgical literature. Rev
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